Brian Wilson and the Beach Boys might have sung about Good Vibrations in , but for railways, and their neighbours, vibrations are usually anything but good. Vibrations in the railway environment are induced by interactive forces at the wheel-rail interface, which cause track components like rails and sleepers to move and transmit vibrations, or Rayleigh waves , into the ground. The length of these waves varies depending on the type of train; freight trains travelling at low speeds generate low frequencies, while passenger trains which tend to travel faster usually emit higher frequency waves, which are more likely to impact nearby buildings and people. Despite the best efforts of researchers and railways to mitigate these problems, the phenomenon persists. But what if there is a way to use these vibrations for good? Bell Labs is attempting to do exactly this through a process known as vibration energy harvesting, which involves converting vibrations from everyday environments into electricity. This technique utilises electromagnetic induction and the principles of momentum conservation and velocity amplification. Current commercial applications use a single magnet moving up and down a coil to generate electricity, which is known as a one-mass system where the power generated is proportional to the square of the velocity of the magnet. However, Bell Labs has taken this a step further.
Released as a single on October 10, , it was an immediate critical and commercial hit, topping record charts in several countries including the US and UK. Characterized by its complex soundscapes, episodic structure and subversions of pop music formula, it was the costliest single ever recorded at the time of its release. Also produced by Wilson, the title derived from his fascination with cosmic vibrations , as his mother would tell him as a child that dogs sometimes bark at people in response to their "bad vibrations". He used the concept to suggest extrasensory perception , while Love's lyrics were inspired by the nascent Flower Power movement. The song was written as it was recorded and in a similar fashion to other compositions from Wilson's Smile period. It was issued as a standalone single, backed with " Let's Go Away for Awhile ", and was to be included on the never-finished album Smile. Instead, the track appeared on the September release Smiley Smile. The making of "Good Vibrations" was unprecedented for any kind of recording. Building upon his approach for Pet Sounds , Wilson recorded a surplus of short, interchangeable musical fragments with his bandmates and a host of session musicians at four different Hollywood studios from February to September , a process reflected in the song's several dramatic shifts in key , texture , instrumentation and mood. Over 90 hours of tape was consumed in the sessions, with the total cost of production estimated to be in the tens of thousands.
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It was released in July as the lead single from their debut album Music for the People. The single spent twenty weeks on the Billboard Hot , its last week rising 40 positions to number 27, but dropped out the following week. Holloway made an appearance performing the chorus in the music video. Bill Lamb from About. The Wahlberg Brothers wrote and produced this hot track—something they deserve to point to with pride. Credit Loleatta Holloway with takin' it up more than a few notches on a chorus nothing short of incredible. The black and white video featured a year-old Marky Mark working out and boxing barechested, and making out with a girl on a bed.
When you hear a great song, you can think of where you were when you first heard it, the sounds, the smells. It takes the emotions of a moment and holds it for years to come. It transcends time.